Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Page: 39-45
Water Quality Assessment in Maddhapara Granite Mine, Bangladesh
Hossain Al Tanjil, Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh
Mohammad Tofayal Ahmed, Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh
Sigma Akter, Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore, Bangladesh
Pradip Kumar Biswas, Institute of Mining, Mineralogy and Metallurgy, BCSIR, Joypurhat, Bangladesh
Received: Feb. 6, 2019;       Accepted: Mar. 18, 2019;       Published: Apr. 8, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20190702.11      View  160      Downloads  30
Abstract
Inflow groundwater plays a vital role in maintaining an environmental cycle. Water quality assessment is needed for identifying disturbance or contamination of this. In this research, twelve water samples were collected from in and around Maddhapara Granite Mine, Bangladesh during August 2017 to reach in a decision, that is the untreated mine discharged water able to contaminate the groundwater or not. The samples’ heavy metals i.e., Zn, Ni, Fe, Cu, Pb, and Cr were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer in laboratory, where the average highest value was 123.05 mg/L of Fe. Cr and Cu in those samples were under detection level and Pb concentration was 1.13 to 7.63 mg/L, which surpassed the World Health Organization (WHO, 04) drinking water guideline values of Pb is 0.01mg/L; Ni and Zn were also above the WHO standard. The concentrations of all heavy metals are inversely proportional to the distance of sampling point from the mine. Hence, this study uncovers that the use of granite mine wastewater without any treatment for irrigation purpose has grown the danger of heavy metals contamination in groundwater in future and causing an influential venture for the environment in the longtime term.
Keywords
Maddhapara, Contamination, Drainage Water, Heavy Metals, Granite Mine
To cite this article
Hossain Al Tanjil, Mohammad Tofayal Ahmed, Sigma Akter, Pradip Kumar Biswas, Water Quality Assessment in Maddhapara Granite Mine, Bangladesh, International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 39-45. doi: 10.11648/j.ijepp.20190702.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Howladar, M. F., Deb, P. K., Muzemder, A. T. M. S. H., & Ahmed, M. (2014). Evaluation of water resources around Barapukuria coal mine industrial area, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Appl Water Sci 4: 203–222, DOI 10.1007/s13201-014-0207-5.
[2]
Seddique, A. A., & Matin, K. A. (2013). Assessment of groundwater vulnerability in and around Narayanganj town, Bangladesh: Insight into groundwater contamination. International Journal of Environment, Vol. 3 (1):10-18.
[3]
Khan, M. H. R., Siddique, A. A., Rahman, A., & Shimizu, Y. (2017). Heavy Metals Contamination Assessment of Water and Soils in and Around Barapukuria Coal Mine Area, Bangladesh, Americal Journal of Environmental Protection; 6(4):80-86, doi: 10.11648/j.ajep.20170604.11.
[4]
Farhaduzzaman, M., Abdullah, W. H., & Islam, M. A. (2012). Depositional environment and hydrocarbon source potential of the Permian Gondwana coals from the Barapukuria basin, Northwest Bangladesh., International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 90-91(1):162-179.
[5]
Hildebrand, R. T. (2011). Challenges of Coalbed Natural Gas Development in Northwestern Bangladesh., Search and Discovery Article #80134 (2011). Posted February 21, 2011. Adapted from oral presentation at AAPG International Conference and Exhibition (pp.1-23). Calgary, Alberta,
[6]
Sultana, S., Biswas, P. K., Rahman, A., Sultana, S., & Zaman, M. N. (2016). Risk factor assessment of coal mine drainage water on surrounding agricultural soil: A Case Study at Barapukuria in Bangladesh. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 4, 7-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/gep.2016.42002.
[7]
Biswas, P. K., Uddin, N., Alam, S., Tamjid-Us-Sakib, Sultana, S., & Ahmed, M. T. (2017). Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution Indices in Irrigation and Drinking Water Systems of Barapukuria Coal Mine Area, Bangladesh., American Journal of Water Resources, vol.5(5):146-151. Doi: 10.12691/ajwr-5-5-2.
[8]
Hartman, H. L. (1992). SME Mining Engineering Handbook. Society of Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration, (pp. 1-988). Inc. Port City Press, Baltimore.
[9]
Makweba, M. M., & Ndonde, P. B. (1996). The mineral sector and the national environmental policy, Proceedings of the workshop on the national environmental policy for Tanzania (pp.164-173). Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
[10]
Nowsher, M. N., Ratul-Al-Istiak, H. M., Mahid, T. R., Biswas, B., Huda, S. M. A., Ahmed, M. T., & Hossain, H. M. Z. (2013). Environmental Impact Assessment of Madhyapara Granite Mine, Northwest Bangladesh. International Conference on Mechanical, Industrial and Materials Engineering (ICMIME2013), RUET, Rajshahi, Bangladesh, Paper Id: RT-12.
[11]
Blodgett, M. S. S., & Kuipers, P. E. J. R. (2002). Technical Report on Underground Hard-Rock Mining: Subsidence and Hydrologic Environmental Impacts, Center for Science in public Participation (pp. 1-50). Bozeman, MT.
[12]
MGMCL (2010), Underground Geological and Hydrogeological Survey Report for the Month of May, 2010. Maddhapara Granite Mine Company Limited (A company of Petrobangla).
[13]
Reddy, T. B., Ramana, Ch. V., Bhaskar, Ch., & Chandrababu, P. J. (2012). Assessment of heavy metal study on ground water in and around Kapuluppada Msw Site, Visakhapatnam, AP., International Journal of Science and Nature, VOL. 3 (2): 468-471, ISSN 2229 – 6441.
[14]
WHO (2004). Guideline for Drinking Water Quality World Health Organization, Geneva., ISBN: 92 4 154638 7., Vol. 1: 3rd ed.
[15]
National Research Council (US) Safe Drinking Water Committee (1977). Drinking Water and Health: Volume 5. Washington (DC): Amendment to the Safe Drinking Water Act.
[16]
Marfo, B. T. (2014). Heavy Metals Contaminations of Soil and Water at Agbogbloshie Scrap Market, Accra., St, Id: Pg 4171010; A thesis submitted to the Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, Kwame Nkruma, University of Science and Technology, Master of Science Degree in Environmental Science., http://ir.knust.edu.gh/bitstream/123456789/6249/1/BOADU%20THEOPHILUS%20MARFO.pdf.
[17]
Sultana, S., Ahmed, A. N., Sultana, S., Biswas, P. K., Saha, B., & Alam, S. Assessment on water quality of waste water in sugar industry and its impact on environment. Open Access Library Journal, 2017, Vol. 04(03):1-11, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103455.
Browse journals by subject